Even if you have limited gardening experience, the name Hibiscus is likely familiar to you. It’s the quintessential tropical flower that adorns Hawaiian print shirts and beach blankets. However, many people fail to realize that the term “Hibiscus” actually encompasses various species, some of which thrive in the heat of the south, while others can withstand the chilly winters of Minnesota.
Today, let’s delve into the world of perennial Hibiscus, commonly known as Rose Mallow. These plants, which grow in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 9, boast some of the largest flowers among perennials. In fact, their blooms can reach an astounding 7 to 9 inches in diameter, earning them the nickname “dinner plate Hibiscus.”
One might find it hard to believe that something with such a tropical appearance can brave the snow-covered landscapes of winter. However, many Rose Mallow varieties originated in cold climate zones like Michigan, yet they perform exceptionally well in warm regions such as Texas and California. Truly adaptable perennials!
- What to Consider When Shopping for Rose Mallow
- Nurturing Your Rose Mallow
- Rose Mallow FAQs
What to Consider When Shopping for Rose Mallow
When selecting a Rose Mallow plant, it’s important to consider the type of blooming habit it exhibits. Some varieties are determinate, meaning they grow to their full height before producing flowers solely at the tips of their stems. These determinate varieties have shorter bloom times due to fewer overall flower buds.
On the other hand, indeterminate blooming varieties, like those from the Summerific® Hibiscus collection of Proven Winners, showcase flowers all along their stems, resulting in a significantly longer flowering period. In fact, indeterminate varieties produce approximately triple the number of flower buds compared to their determinate counterparts.
When browsing for Rose Mallow, carefully read the plant labels and look for terms like “indeterminate” or any other language indicating prolonged blooming. Although observing the buds forming on the stems can also provide insight, this method may not be entirely reliable depending on the time of year and the plant’s growth stage.
Be sure to check out some of the captivating varieties in the Summerific® Hibiscus collection offered by Proven Winners, including ‘Ballet Slippers’, ‘Berry Awesome’, ‘Cherry Choco Latte’, ‘Lilac Crush’, ‘Perfect Storm’, ‘Candy Crush’, ‘Evening Rose’, ‘Holy Grail’, ‘Valentine’s Crush’, ‘Spinderella’, ‘French Vanilla’, and ‘Edge of Night’.
Nurturing Your Rose Mallow
Before you acquire your very first Rose Mallow, it’s crucial to understand its care requirements.
Water, Water, and More Water
Water is the lifeline for Rose Mallow, so ensure it receives an ample supply. Some native species can even grow in water. Plant yours in an area that is easily accessible by a hose or sprinklers. Regardless of whether your soil consists of clay, sand, or anything in between, never allow this plant to wilt or dry out. Lack of water will manifest as a scraggly appearance, with drooping leaves and flower buds.
Give It Some Elbow Room
Rose Mallow is a sizeable perennial that requires ample space to flourish. Even the “dwarf” varieties grow to a minimum of three feet in height and width, while standard-sized Rose Mallow can reach 4 to 6 feet in both dimensions. Therefore, choose a spot in your garden that allows this plant to grow without being crowded by other perennials, as it will quickly outcompete them for space.
Embrace the Sun
To ensure optimal growth and vibrant colors, plant your Rose Mallow in an area that receives full sun throughout the day. These plants thrive in hot, humid, and sunny weather, and their blooms reach their full potential in these conditions. However, if your only option is a partially shaded spot, Rose Mallow can still grow there, albeit with fewer flowers. Additionally, varieties with purple foliage may appear more green in lower light conditions.
Show Attention in Spring
Fear not if your Rose Mallow seems slow to awaken and start growing in early spring while other perennials in your garden are already showing signs of life. In fact, Rose Mallow is among the last plants to emerge during this season. Once it begins its growth journey, it will sprout approximately an inch per day and eventually bloom in midsummer.
Before the new foliage appears, take a pair of loppers or pruners and cut down all the woody stems to about 6 inches tall. New growth will emerge from the base of the plant, so removing the brown stems is beneficial. As soon as you notice the new growth, feed the plant with a balanced, slow-release plant food, ensuring it remains well-nourished for several weeks. Additionally, provide water-soluble plant food in early summer, just as the flower buds start to form. This will provide the plant with the necessary energy to produce a bountiful display of flowers.
Armed with this knowledge, you are destined to cultivate prize-winning Rose Mallow plants that will undoubtedly become the highlight of your garden each year, from midsummer through fall. Don’t forget to keep the plant label, as friends and neighbors will surely inquire about this stunning addition to your landscape.
Rose Mallow FAQs
What distinguishes Rose of Sharon from Rose Mallow?
Although both Rose of Sharon and Rose Mallow yield stunning, tropical-looking flowers, there are a few notable differences:
- Flower size: Rose Mallow boasts larger blooms, often double the size of those of Rose of Sharon.
- Plant type: Rose Mallow is a hardy perennial, while Rose of Sharon is a woody shrub.
- Water requirements: Rose Mallow yearns for consistent watering, while Rose of Sharon is less thirsty.
To learn more about the various types of Hibiscus, delve deeper into the subject.
Does Rose Mallow spread?
Given the right growing conditions, Rose Mallow can slowly expand through the production of new shoots via underground rhizomes. However, it is not an aggressive plant and is easily kept under control. Every few years, dividing the plant or removing any unwanted shoots will suffice.
Is Rose Mallow appetizing to deer?
Rose Mallow has a C-rating, meaning it is occasionally severely damaged by deer. While deer may nibble on new shoots, once the plant is established, deer browsing becomes less of a concern.
Is my Rose Mallow dead?
Do not fret if your Rose Mallow appears slow to awaken and start growing. This plant always takes its time, even in warmer climates. However, once it begins to emerge, it will grow approximately an inch every day.
Want to Learn More?
- Discover 5 Tips for Growing Summerific Hibiscus.
- Explore How to Grow Hibiscus in Pots.
- Find out about the Top 13 Native Perennials for North American Gardens.
- Learn about 10 Companion Plants for Summerific Hibiscus.
Please note that all the information provided is subject to change based on specific growing conditions and regional variations.