ZZ Plants: The Perfect Houseplants for Easy Care

zz plant

If you’re looking for a houseplant that requires minimal care and can thrive even with neglect, look no further than ZZ plants. These tropical perennials, also known as Zamioculcas zamiifolia, are native to eastern Africa and are commonly referred to as ZZ plants or by other names like Zanzibar gem, Zuzu plant, and eternity plant. With their glossy green leaves that can grow up to 6 inches long, ZZ plants are not only beautiful but also easy to maintain. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of ZZ plant care, including soil requirements, light preferences, watering needs, temperature considerations, and more.

ZZ Plant Care at a Glance

  • Common Name: ZZ Plant
  • Scientific Name: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
  • Soil: well-draining, pH 6 to 7
  • Light: indirect sunlight
  • Water: every 2 to 3 weeks
  • Food: 20-20-20 houseplant fertilizer
  • Temperature and Humidity: not sensitive to high or low humidity
  • Propagation: use cuttings from either leaf or stem
  • Safety: keep away from children and pets

How to Care for ZZ Plant

ZZ plants are known for their low maintenance requirements, making them an excellent choice for both novice and busy gardeners. Let’s dive into the key aspects of ZZ plant care:

Selecting Soil for ZZs

When it comes to soil, ZZ plants are not overly picky. An ideal soil mix for ZZ plants consists of 1/4 compost, 1/4 sand, and 1/2 standard potting soil. The pH of the soil should be between 6 and 7. However, the most crucial factor is ensuring that the soil drains well, as ZZ plants do not tolerate excessive moisture.

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Choose the Right Light

ZZ plants are incredibly adaptable when it comes to light conditions. While they can survive in any level of indirect light, they thrive best in moderate indirect sunlight. Avoid exposing them to direct sunlight, as it can stress the plant.

Water Your ZZ Plant

One of the most important aspects of ZZ plant care is knowing when to water. These plants are drought-resistant and only need watering every 2 to 3 weeks. You can check if it’s time to water by feeling the top 3 to 4 inches of soil – if it’s dry to the touch, it’s time to water. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so be cautious. During the winter months, when the plant goes through a dormancy period, reduce the frequency of watering.

Fertilize Your ZZ Plant

While ZZ plants don’t require regular fertilization, using a 20-20-20 houseplant fertilizer can boost their growth if desired. This balanced fertilizer contains 20 percent nitrogen, 20 percent phosphate, and 20 percent soluble potash. Apply the fertilizer once or twice a year.

Set the Temperature and Humidity

ZZ plants thrive in temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep your home’s temperature above 60 degrees to ensure their survival. Avoid placing them near air conditioners, radiators, or other heat sources to prevent significant temperature and humidity fluctuations.

Prune Your ZZ Plant

Although ZZ plants don’t necessarily need pruning to stay healthy, periodic pruning can help control their growth. Use clean and sharp shears or scissors to trim a few long stems from their base. If the stems are healthy, you can propagate them, as we will discuss in the next section. Trimming the ends of the stems can also help manage their size without removing them entirely.

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zz plant pruning

How to Propagate ZZ Plant

Propagating ZZ plants is incredibly straightforward, much like the rest of their care routine. Follow these steps to propagate your ZZ plant:

  1. Remove the plant from its container and separate the rhizomes.
  2. Fill several pots about 1/3 full with potting soil.
  3. Place each rhizome in its own pot or group several of them together.
  4. Backfill the pots with soil until the rhizomes are covered.
  5. Water each pot until it drains out of the bottom.

You can also propagate ZZ plants by taking a cutting that includes two leaves and a piece of stem. Pot the cutting using the same process as above.

Popular Varieties of ZZ Plants

ZZ plants offer a variety of options to choose from. Here are a few popular varieties:

  • ‘Raven’: Also known as black ZZ plant, this variety features glossy dark purple leaves that almost appear black.
  • ‘Zenzi’: A rare ZZ plant variety with curlier leaves compared to the standard ZZ plants.
  • ‘Dwarf’: Often referred to as ‘Zamicro,’ this variety is very similar to the standard ZZ plant but grows to a shorter height of around 2 feet.
  • ‘Lucky classic’: This variety has rounded leaf ends, differentiating it from the standard ZZ plants with pointy leaves.
  • ‘Luckywhit’: A variegated ZZ plant with blotched and marbled yellow-green leaves.

Safety Considerations

It’s important to note that all parts of the ZZ plant are toxic to cats, dogs, and humans. Keep them out of reach of pets and young children. Ingestion of ZZ plant parts may cause digestive issues, but severe side effects are unlikely. While there were rumors about ZZ plants causing cancer, there is no evidence to support these claims. However, it’s still advisable to wash your hands after handling ZZ plants to avoid potential skin irritation caused by calcium oxalate crystals in their sap.

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Potential Pests and Diseases

ZZ plants are generally resilient and not prone to major pest problems. However, they may attract aphids, spider mites, or whiteflies. If you notice any of these pests, rinse off the leaves with plain water. For larger infestations, neem oil can be effective in eradicating pests.

If your ZZ plant has yellow leaves or feels soft to the touch, it may be suffering from root rot caused by overwatering. Root rot can be detrimental to plants, but some solutions can help alleviate the issue.


Q. Do ZZ plants flower?
Yes, mature ZZ plants produce pale yellow flowers that resemble tiny ears of corn.

Q. How do I repot a ZZ plant?
Repotting a ZZ plant is simple. Choose a pot that is 1 to 2 inches larger in diameter than the current pot. Fill it about 1/3 full with potting soil, ensuring it has good drainage. Gently remove the plant from its current pot, place it in the new pot, and backfill with soil. Water the plant after repotting.

Q. Do ZZ plants like to be root bound?
No, ZZ plants do not enjoy being root bound. When the rhizomes are overcrowded, the plant becomes more susceptible to root rot.

Q. How big do ZZ plants get?
ZZ plants typically reach a maximum height and diameter of 2 to 3 feet, although some can grow up to 4 feet tall.

ZZ plants are not only beautiful additions to any indoor space but also minimal maintenance companions. With their resilience, adaptability, and attractive appearance, these tropical perennials are the perfect choice for those who want to enjoy the beauty of nature without the hassle of extensive care. Visit Ames Farm Center to explore a wide range of ZZ plants and start your journey towards effortless plant parenthood.