Aloe Vera Care: Watering, Fertilizing, and Pruning Tips

Person caring for aloe vera plant

Aloe vera is a versatile plant, serving both as a decorative addition to any space and as a medicinal powerhouse. With its unique properties, it’s no wonder that many people are interested in growing and caring for their own Aloe vera plants. In this article, we will delve into the essential aspects of Aloe vera care, including watering, fertilizing, and pruning techniques. Let’s discover how you can help your Aloe vera thrive and unleash its full potential.

Watering: Nurturing Aloe vera’s Succulent Nature

As a succulent, Aloe vera possesses the ability to store water in its leaves, enabling it to withstand long periods without irrigation. However, it’s crucial to strike the right balance when watering this plant. Aloe vera is sensitive to waterlogged soil, which can lead to root rot. Therefore, it’s important to ensure proper drainage and never allow the soil to become completely dry.

To prevent water from accumulating in the rosette heart, avoid pouring water over the leaves. Instead, focus on keeping the soil consistently moist without overdoing it. Using low-calcium water, such as rainwater or mineral water, is preferable for Aloe vera’s overall health.

How often should you water Aloe vera?

Generally, watering your Aloe vera once a week is adequate. To determine when it’s time to water, perform the finger test: check the soil’s surface, and if it feels dry, it’s time to provide moisture.

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Young Aloe vera plants require extra attention since their leaves have a limited water storage capacity. Water them sparingly but frequently to facilitate healthy growth. It’s worth noting that during winter, Aloe vera enters a dormant phase, absorbing less water. Adjust the watering schedule accordingly to prevent root rot.

Watering can pouring water on aloe plant leaves

Fertilizing: Nourishing Aloe vera’s Growth

Originating from arid regions, Aloe vera has adapted to survive in nutrient-poor environments. Consequently, it doesn’t require excessive fertilization. However, providing occasional nutrients is beneficial, especially if you plan to use your Aloe vera for medicinal purposes. Fertilizing aids in quick recovery after pruning and promotes the development of robust leaves filled with gel.

For optimal results, apply fertilizer approximately every two weeks during the growing season. Simultaneously watering and fertilizing ensures the even distribution of nutrients throughout the soil, supporting healthy growth. Consider using Plantura Liquid Houseplant Food, an animal-free, sustainable option with a balanced nutrient mix and enhanced nutrient uptake through microorganisms.

Avoid fertilizing newly transplanted Aloe vera plants, as the fresh soil contains sufficient nutrients. Additionally, refrain from fertilization during winter dormancy, which occurs between October and April.

Pruning: Shaping Aloe vera’s Beauty

Pruning may not be necessary for Aloe vera plants unless you desire to maintain a specific shape or prevent excessive spreading. Trimming off old outer leaves helps preserve the plant’s desired appearance. Additionally, promptly remove any diseased or damaged leaves to maintain overall plant health.

If you intend to use Aloe vera for its medicinal properties, regularly harvest the outer leaves and utilize their gel. Older plants, older than three years, offer the most substantial leaves, rich in gel. They recover well after harvesting and produce new leaves more quickly.

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Garden shears being used to cut Aloe leaf

Understanding Leaf Discoloration

Occasionally, Aloe vera leaves may exhibit discoloration, ranging from brown to grayish-purple or pale. Several factors can contribute to this phenomenon.

If the outer, older leaves turn brown, there is no cause for concern. Aloe vera naturally sheds older leaves while continuously producing new ones. Transplanting may also cause temporary leaf discoloration. Provide time for your Aloe vera to adapt to the new soil, and the discoloration should resolve itself.

Insufficient nutrients can also lead to browning. If it has been a while since you last transplanted your Aloe vera, consider repotting to provide fresh nutrients.

Excessive sun exposure and high temperatures can cause leaves to turn red-brown. If you notice dry leaf tips, relocate your Aloe vera to a shadier spot. In due time, the leaves will regain their healthy green color.

Aloe vera plant with brown leaves

However, if your Aloe vera continues to exhibit leaf discoloration without fitting into any of the mentioned situations, resolving the issue might prove more challenging. Younger, inner leaves turning brown or yellow might indicate waterlogging. In such cases, refrain from watering for one to two weeks, allowing the root ball to dry out. Remove and dispose of discolored, soft leaves as they contribute to fungal growth.


Caring for Aloe vera involves striking a delicate balance in watering, fertilizing, and pruning. By understanding its succulent nature, you can provide optimal conditions for growth. Remember to maintain proper moisture levels, fertilize sparingly, and trim when necessary to ensure your Aloe vera plant thrives year-round. For further information about the best location, planting methods, and propagation techniques, explore the Ames Farm Center’s dedicated resources on Aloe vera.

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For more information on Aloe vera care, visit the Ames Farm Center.