A Comprehensive Guide to Pruning Your Fiddle Leaf Fig

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Video how to prune fiddle leaf fig

If you’re a proud owner of a Fiddle Leaf Fig plant, you likely know that pruning is an essential part of its care routine. Whether you want to control its size, encourage branching, or create a more balanced appearance, pruning can be a game-changer for your beloved plant. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the important steps to successfully prune your Fiddle Leaf Fig.

Zoomed in Fiddle Leaf Fig leaves

The Art of Cutting Fiddle Leaf Figs

There are several reasons why you might consider pruning your Fiddle Leaf Fig:

  • Your plant may have lost many leaves, leaving behind bare branches.
  • It might have grown too tall for the available space and requires a trimming session.
  • The plant’s shape may have become lopsided, and you want to restore its symmetry.
  • You may want to encourage your Fiddle Leaf Fig to branch out.
  • Perhaps you’re simply looking for a new experiment to invigorate your Fig.

Cut Fiddle Leaf Fig plants

Essential Tools for Pruning

Before you start pruning your Fiddle Leaf Fig, gather all the necessary tools. For this job, I highly recommend using Fiskar hand pruners. With their clean and easy cutting action, these pruners are perfect for branches and trunks of all sizes. However, make sure the blades are clean and sharp to prevent the spread of diseases.

Hand Pruners for cutting Fiddle Leaf Figs

Where to Make Your Cuts

When deciding where to make cuts on your Fiddle Leaf Fig, inspect the branch or trunk carefully. Look for buds located at the leaf nodes along the stem. These nodes can usually be found just above where a leaf connects to the stem. To encourage new growth, it’s crucial to cut between these nodes. Refer to the accompanying images to identify the optimal cutting spots on your plants.

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Fiddle Leaf Fig plant nodes

How Much to Trim

If your Fig is healthy, you can remove a significant amount of plant material. However, exercise caution when dealing with a diseased or pest-infested plant. It’s important to leave at least one-third of the leaves intact to ensure the Fig can still generate photosynthesis and initiate new growth. It’s worth noting that I experimented with one of my smaller Figs and cut it down to a mere 12-16 inches of trunk. Surprisingly, new leaves sprouted from the base, but I don’t recommend such a drastic cut unless you’re willing to take a risk.

Cut Fiddle Leaf Fig stems

Timing Your Pruning

For major pruning, it’s best to wait until spring and summer—the Fiddle Leaf Fig’s prime growing season. During these months, the plant has stored up energy from sunlight, facilitating new growth. However, if your plant has old or damaged leaves, it’s essential to remove them promptly, regardless of the time of year. Removing these leaves prevents the plant from wasting energy on their preservation. Remember, a clean cut heals more efficiently than a jagged wound.

Fiddle Leaf Fig leaves

Encouraging Branching

Several months after pruning, you’ll start noticing small buds sprouting all over the stem, a sign that your Fiddle Leaf Fig is branching. This new growth, combined with the small leaves emerging along the trunk, will give your plant a fuller look. Patience is crucial here, as the time it takes for branching to occur varies depending on factors like the plant’s overall health and the growing season. On average, with a healthy plant and proper care, you might start noticing new growth within 6-8 weeks.

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Cut Fiddle Leaf Fig new growth

The Reward of Pruning

After almost a year of pruning my Fiddle Leaf Fig trees, I can confidently say that the results are worth the effort. The significant new growth I observed speaks volumes about the effectiveness of proper pruning techniques. As you can see from the images, the new leaves sprout from the nodes, and with time, the plant will develop more branches and achieve a fuller appearance.

Cut Fiddle Leaf Fig branch

Combining Fiddle Leaf Fig Plants

If you find that your multiple Fiddle Leaf Fig plants are taking over your space, consider combining them into one large pot. Once the plants have had ample time to recover from their trims (around six months), this can be a great way to manage their growth and keep them thriving. Not only will they continue to strengthen and fill out, but you’ll also find it more convenient to care for them in a single location.

Fiddle Leaf Fig tree

In conclusion, pruning your Fiddle Leaf Fig is not only doable but also essential for its long-term health and aesthetics. By following the steps and tips outlined in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to maintaining a vibrant and thriving Fiddle Leaf Fig.

For more general Fiddle Leaf Fig plant care tips, visit the Ames Farm Center website.

Fiddle Leaf Fig plant