The Resilient ZZ Plant: Care, Repotting, and Propagation Guide

Are you searching for the perfect houseplant that can withstand even the most neglectful care? Look no further than the ZZ plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia). These elegant and resilient plants are ideal for beginners and can thrive in low light conditions. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the origin, care, repotting, propagation, and more, of the remarkable ZZ plant.

Potted ZZ plant indoors and chair
The ZZ plant is notoriously easy to care for (Photo: New Africa/

The Origin and Properties of ZZ Plants

With their shiny, dark green leaves and long petioles, ZZ plants exude elegance and simplicity. Originally from the mountainous regions of eastern Africa, specifically Tanzania and the Zanzibar archipelago, these plants have developed the ability to adapt to inhospitable conditions. This adaptability makes them the ideal low-maintenance houseplant.

ZZ Plant Flowering Time

While indoor ZZ plants may not readily bloom, with the right care, you can encourage them to flower. Typically, ZZ plants bloom in summer or early autumn, showcasing white spadices emerging from green spathes. To promote flowering, keep your Zamioculcas in a cool location during winter dormancy, ensuring the temperature never drops below 12°C. Adequate watering is also necessary for flower production.

Close-up of ZZ plant flower
Like other arum plants, ZZ plants have inconspicuous flowers (Photo: Mala Iryna/

Varieties of ZZ Plants

The Zamioculcas genus primarily consists of Zamioculcas zamiifolia, the most well-known variety. However, other variants exist, such as the raven ZZ plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia ‘Raven’), featuring almost black leaves. Additionally, variegated ZZ plants showcase stunning white and green leaves, but their rarity makes them quite expensive.

Further reading:  The Art of Propagating Jade Plants: From Leaves to Stem Cuttings

Close-up of ZZ plant
A healthy ZZ plant can bring you joy for a long time (Photo: merindadesigns/

Repotting ZZ Plants

To ensure optimal growth, we recommend repotting ZZ plants annually, preferably at the start of the new growing season in spring. However, be cautious not to increase the pot size excessively, as this may divert the plant’s energy towards root growth. For older Zamioculcas, repot every 2 to 3 years. Use a loose and well-draining potting mix like our environmentally-friendly Plantura Organic All Purpose Compost.

Note: Prevent root rot in ZZ plants by improving soil permeability with a sand mixture.

Propagating ZZ Plants

Zamioculcas are easily propagated through rhizome runners, eliminating the need for flowering. Let’s explore two methods of propagation: cuttings and division.

Propagating Zamioculcas from Cuttings

The simplest method involves using shoot or leaf cuttings. For shoot cuttings, carefully remove a shoot with multiple leaves and place it in a glass of water. Cover the glass to prevent algae growth. Once the roots develop, transfer the cutting to soil. This method ensures immediate growth, though it may take time for new shoots to emerge.

ZZ plant cutting in glass jar
To propagate ZZ plants via cuttings, use the entire shoot (Photo: Ratchanee Sawasdijira/

For leaf cuttings, select a healthy leaf and insert it about 2cm deep into moist soil. Place the container in a bright location. Initially, the leaf may wilt, redirecting its energy to form a tuber in the soil. It may take up to a year for visible above-ground growth to occur.

Propagating Zamioculcas by Division

Alternatively, ZZ plants can be propagated through rhizome division. This method is best performed during the spring repotting process. Gently separate a section of the plant with rhizomes from the main plant or use a clean sharp knife to cut it away. Plant the divided rhizome section, or tuber, in a suitable container.

Further reading:  "The Enchanting World of Bonsai Jade Plants"

Person dividing ZZ plant
When dividing ZZ plants, carefully observe the root system (Photo: mountaira/

Care Tips for Zamioculcas

Although ZZ plants are known for their ease of care, a few considerations will help ensure their well-being. Allow the top layer of soil to dry between watering and fertilize sparingly. Apply a slow-release organic fertilizer, such as our Plantura All Purpose Plant Food, in spring. These granules provide essential nutrients throughout the year. While ZZ plants thrive in bright indirect light, they can adapt to lower light conditions as well.

Yellow Leaves on ZZ Plants

If your ZZ plant develops yellowing leaves, it may be a sign of overwatering. To prevent root rot, repot the plant promptly and adjust your watering frequency accordingly. For more in-depth information on treating yellowing leaves in ZZ plants, refer to our dedicated article.

Are ZZ Plants Poisonous?

Unfortunately, ZZ plants are toxic to cats, dogs, and humans. All parts of the plant contain oxalic acid, which can be harmful, especially when consumed raw. Regular ingestion may lead to kidney stones. If you decide to have a ZZ plant, exercise caution and keep it out of reach of children and pets.

Looking to explore other low-maintenance indoor plants? Discover our top ten favorites in our dedicated article.

To purchase ZZ plants and learn more, visit the Ames Farm Center.

Note: The original article was modified extensively to create a unique narrative while retaining the core information.