Growing Squash: A Beginner’s Guide to Abundant Harvests

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Are you interested in growing your own squash but unsure where to start? Look no further! Growing squash is a rewarding and surprisingly simple endeavor. In this guide, we’ll explore some valuable tips and tricks to help you cultivate a flourishing squash garden. From choosing the right varieties to proper planting and care techniques, we’ve got you covered. Let’s dig in!

Quick Guide to Growing Squash

Before we get started, let’s go over some essential steps to ensure a successful squash harvest:

  • Timing is everything: Plant summer squash after the last frost has passed, while winter squash can be planted in mid-summer.
  • Give them breathing room: Allow ample space for your squash plants to sprawl by planting them 3 to 6 feet apart.
  • Sun and soil are key: Find a sunny spot in your garden that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. Also, opt for rich, well-drained soil.
  • Boost the soil: Enhance your native soil with nutrient-rich compost or organic matter to provide a solid foundation for your squash plants.
  • Water wisely: Squash plants require consistent moisture, but it’s essential to avoid wetting the leaves. Aim for 1 to 1.5 inches of water weekly.
  • Feed for success: Keep your plants healthy and productive by regularly feeding them with a continuous-release plant food.
  • Harvesting options: Feel free to pick baby summer squash as soon as they are large enough to consume, or wait until they reach full size (typically 6 to 8 inches long).

Soil, Planting, and Care

Now that you have a quick guide under your belt, let’s explore soil preparation, planting techniques, and proper care for your squash plants.

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Squash thrives in sunny locations with good drainage, and they love soil enriched with organic matter like compost. Consider mixing a 3-inch layer of compost into the ground or incorporating aged compost-enriched soil with your native soil. Remember to provide enough space between plants (3 to 6 feet apart) for optimal growth and a bountiful harvest.

To ensure your plants receive sufficient nutrition, consider using a continuous-release fertilizer specifically formulated for edible plants. Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition Granules, for example, can provide the necessary nutrients for healthy squash growth. Follow the instructions on the label for best results.

A light layer of mulch is adequate, thanks to the broad and dense leaves of squash plants, which act as natural weed suppressors and provide shade. In hot, sunny weather, you may want to protect your newly transplanted seedlings by covering them with an upside-down flowerpot or another shade cover for a couple of days to prevent wilting.


As with any gardening endeavor, pesky pests can pose challenges. Squash bugs, squash vine borers, and cucumber beetles are common culprits that may harm your squash plants, especially as the season progresses. If you’re in an area with early pest pressure, consider using floating row covers or net covers over hoops to shield your plants while still allowing pollinating insects to do their job.

Harvest and Storage

Ah, the moment you’ve been waiting for – harvesting your homegrown squash! Did you know that squash blossoms are edible? Give it a try! Pick the first blossoms that appear, remove the inner parts, and use the petals to add a pop of color to your appetizers and salads. Don’t worry; removing these blossoms won’t affect your plants’ ability to produce fruit, as the initial flowers are typically males, which only bear pollen.

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When it comes to summer squash like yellow squash and zucchini, you can harvest them as baby squash or let them grow to 6 to 8 inches in length. Be sure to pick your squash bounty at least every other day to keep the plants productive. If you happen to miss a few pickings, promptly remove any overripe squash to alleviate stress on the plants.

Winter squash, on the other hand, require a bit more patience. Wait until the rinds are firm enough to resist a fingernail’s puncture, then cut them with a short portion of the vine attached. Fully ripened winter squash can be stored for months in a cool place like a basement. Pro tip: If you have an abundance of winter squash, you can also use them for fall table decorations before cooking. Check out our comprehensive article on storing winter squash for more detailed information on curing and preserving these autumn treasures.

Yellow squash blossom and fruit
Yellow squash blossom and fruit.

Squash vine borers
Squash vine borers can be a nuisance, but there are ways to manage them.

Winter squash
Winter squash requires proper care, but the flavorful rewards are worth it.


Q: Why is it essential to avoid wetting the leaves of squash plants?

A: Wetting the leaves can promote the growth of fungal diseases, which can harm the plants’ overall health and reduce productivity. Watering at the base of the plants is the preferred method.

Q: Can I grow squash in containers?

A: Although squash plants can be grown in containers, they require ample space and proper support. It’s best to opt for larger containers and select bush varieties or compact cultivars specifically bred for container gardening.

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Q: How long does it take for squash plants to bear fruit?

A: The time it takes for squash plants to bear fruit varies depending on the variety and growing conditions. Generally, expect to see the first fruit appearing within 45 to 60 days after planting.

Q: Can I save seeds from my squash for future planting?

A: Yes, you can save seeds from your squash; however, it’s important to note that different varieties may cross-pollinate, resulting in offspring with different characteristics. To maintain seed purity, isolate different varieties or choose one variety per season.

Q: Are there any companion plants that go well with squash?

A: Yes, there are several companion plants that can benefit squash, such as marigolds, nasturtiums, and herbs like dill and oregano. These plants can help deter pests and attract pollinators.

Now that you’re armed with this beginner’s guide to growing squash, it’s time to roll up your sleeves and get started. Whether you’re craving buttery Yellow Crookneck, delicately flavored Golden Scallop Pattypan, or versatile Black Beauty zucchini, your garden will soon be brimming with an abundance of fresh, homegrown squash. Happy gardening!

For further information and quality plants, visit Ames Farm Center, where they’ve been guiding home gardeners since 1918.