31 Beautiful Perennials to Brighten Your Fall Garden

Fall is the perfect time to plant perennials that will bring beauty to your garden year after year. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just beginning, there is a perennial for everyone. From vibrant flowers to low-maintenance ground covers, here are 31 must-try fall perennials that will enhance your garden before winter arrives.

Planning Your Fall Perennial Garden

Before you start planting, consider your climate and the specific needs of each plant. Native perennials are a great choice as they support local wildlife and pollinators. Take into account factors such as available space, sunlight, soil quality, and moisture retention capacity. Determine if you need plants that are resistant to deer and rabbits or if you want to attract butterflies, bees, or birds. Also, decide on the height and spread of the plants you prefer.

Once you have a clear plan, it’s time to start filling your garden with these stunning fall perennials. Plant them on a cool day and remember to water them thoroughly. Applying a layer of mulch will protect the roots from temperature extremes and reduce weed growth.

Allium, Ornamental Onion

Allium caeruleum
Scientific Name: Allium caeruleum

Allium caeruleum, also known as ornamental onion, blooms in late spring to early summer. Its tall stems boast globe-like, pale purple flowers, which attract butterflies and insects. This plant grows best in well-drained soil and full sun.

Basket-Of-Gold

Aurinia saxatilis
Scientific Name: Aurinia saxatilis

Basket-Of-Gold, also called Yellow Alyssum, makes an excellent low-growing ground cover. It thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. Its bright yellow flowers bloom in spring and look stunning in rock gardens or along borders.

Aster ‘Wood’s Purple’

Scientific Name: Aster ‘Wood’s Purple’

The ‘Wood’s Purple’ Aster is a compact cultivar with beautiful purple flowers that bloom in early fall. It grows best in full sun and well-drained soil. This plant attracts butterflies and adds a splash of color to your garden.

Astilbe

Astilbe
Scientific Name: Astilbe var.

Astilbe is a shade-loving perennial with feathery plume-like blooms. These flowers come in various colors, including white, purple, and pink. They attract insects and can be divided every few years to prevent overcrowding.

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Black-Eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta
Scientific Name: Rudbeckia hirta

Black-Eyed Susan is a classic native wildflower that blooms reliably each summer. Its bright yellow flowers with dark brown centers attract butterflies and pollinators. This plant grows well in full sun and rich, moist, well-drained soil.

Bleeding Heart

Lamprocapnos spectabilis
Scientific Name: Lamprocapnos spectabilis

Bleeding Heart is a unique and graceful perennial with drooping pink heart-shaped flowers. It thrives in moist, fertile shade gardens and adds a touch of elegance to any landscape.

Blue False Indigo

Baptisia australis
Scientific Name: Baptisia australis

Blue False Indigo is a striking native wildflower that blooms in early to mid-summer. Its bright purple, pea-like flowers attract butterflies. This plant thrives in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.

Butterfly Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa
Scientific Name: Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly Milkweed is a must-have perennial if you want to attract butterflies to your garden. This native plant produces bright orange flowers in mid-summer and serves as a host plant for Monarch caterpillars. It grows best in full sun and well-drained soils.

Chrysanthemum ‘Hillside Sheffield Pink’

Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum ‘Hillside Sheffield Pink’

Chrysanthemums are hardy perennials that bloom profusely in late autumn. ‘Hillside Sheffield Pink’ is a variety with salmon-pink flowers and yellow centers. Grow them in full sun and well-drained soil for a vibrant burst of color.

Clematis ‘Jackmanii’

Scientific Name: Clematis ‘Jackmanii’

Clematis ‘Jackmanii’ is a resilient climbing vine with showy purple flowers. It needs support to grow on, such as a trellis or fence. This plant thrives in full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil.

Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis
Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis

Columbine is a beloved spring-blooming native wildflower. Its unique downward-dangling flowers come in various shades of purple, pink, and yellow. Columbines attract hummingbirds and self-seed readily, filling your garden with color.

Coral Bells

Heuchera
Scientific Name: Heuchera var.

Coral Bells are versatile perennials that serve as attractive ground covers for shade gardens. With many varieties, they come in a range of flower colors and leaf patterns. Plant them in partial shade and moist, well-drained soil.

Coreopsis

Coreopsis lanceolata
Scientific Name: Coreopsis lanceolata

Coreopsis is a low-maintenance perennial that brightens the garden with cheery yellow flowers. It grows well in full sun and is tolerant of sandy, poor-quality soils. Coreopsis self-seeds readily, so be prepared to control its growth.

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Cranesbill Geranium

Geranium sanguineum
Scientific Name: Geranium sanguineum

Cranesbill Geranium forms attractive clumps with pinkish-purple flowers in spring. It grows well in full sun to partial shade and prefers moist, well-drained soil. This low-maintenance perennial is resistant to deer and rabbits.

Oakleaf Hydrangea

Hydrangea quercifolia
Scientific Name: Hydrangea quercifolia

Oakleaf Hydrangea is a beautiful deciduous shrub with large oak-like leaves. Its white flowers bloom from late spring through mid-summer. This shrub thrives in full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil.

Ice Plant

Delosperma cooperi
Scientific Name: Delosperma cooperi

Ice Plant is a drought-tolerant ground cover with vibrant pink flowers. It loves full sun and well-drained soil. This low-maintenance perennial is perfect for rock gardens or along borders.

Lantana ‘Miss Huff’

Scientific Name: Lantana camara ‘Miss Huff’

Lantana ‘Miss Huff’ is a hardy variety of this popular plant. It blooms from mid-summer to frost, attracting butterflies with its fragrant multicolored flowers. Grow it in full sun and well-drained soil.

Lambs’ Ear

Stachys byzantina
Scientific Name: Stachys byzantina

Lambs’ Ear is a low-growing ground cover with soft, fuzzy leaves. It is perfect for filling in corners and borders. This plant tolerates poor-quality soil and prefers full sun and well-drained soil.

Lavender

Lavandula angustifolia
Scientific Name: Lavandula angustifolia

Lavender is a fragrant herb with beautiful pale purple spikes. This woody perennial attracts butterflies and pollinators. It grows best in full sun and well-drained soil.

Lenten Rose

Helleborus orientalis
Scientific Name: Helleborus orientalis

Lenten Rose is a resilient shade-loving perennial that blooms in early to mid-spring. Its unique flowers come in shades of pink or white and attract attention in any garden. This plant tolerates poor soils and spreads by self-seeding.

Lupine

Lupine
Scientific Name: Lupine var.

Lupines are striking perennials with tall spikes of pea-like flowers. They bloom from late spring to mid-summer and attract butterflies. Lupines prefer cooler climates and require well-drained soil.

Peony

Paeonia lactiflora
Scientific Name: Paeonia lactiflora

Peonies are classic perennials with large, lush flowers that come in various colors. They bloom in mid-to-late spring, attracting pollinators. Grow them in full sun and well-drained soil for a stunning garden display.

Pink Muhly Grass

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Scientific Name: Muhlenbergia capillaris

Pink Muhly Grass is an ornamental grass that blooms in autumn. Its large pink inflorescences create a beautiful display in your garden. This grass thrives in full sun and well-drained soil.

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Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea
Scientific Name: Echinacea purpurea

Purple Coneflower is a native wildflower that blooms with tall, pinkish-purple flowers. It attracts butterflies and pollinators and is a great addition to wildlife gardens. This plant prefers full sun and well-drained soil.

Russian Sage

Perovskia atriplicifolia
Scientific Name: Perovskia atriplicifolia

Russian Sage is a stunning plant with silvery green leaves and purple flowers. It grows well in full sun and well-drained soil. Russian Sage is tolerant to deer and rabbits and adds a touch of elegance to your garden.

Shasta Daisy

Leucanthemum
Scientific Name: Leucanthemum spp.

Shasta Daisies are classic white flowers with yellow centers that bloom in early to mid-summer. They attract butterflies and make a delightful addition to any garden. Plant them in full sun and well-drained soil.

Siberian Iris

Iris sibirica
Scientific Name: Iris sibirica

Siberian Iris is a hardy perennial that thrives in partial shade to full shade. It produces beautiful blue-violet flowers on tall stems and prefers moist, well-drained soil. This plant is resistant to deer and rabbits.

Speedwell ‘Georgia Blue’

Scientific Name: Veronica peduncularis ‘Georgia Blue’

Speedwell ‘Georgia Blue’ is a hardy ground cover with violet-blue flowers. It grows well in full sun to partial shade and is perfect for borders or rock gardens. This low-maintenance perennial adds beauty to any landscape.

Stonecrop

Sedum acre
Scientific Name: Sedum acre

Stonecrop, or moss stonecrop, is a low-maintenance ground cover with small yellow flowers. It loves full sun and well-drained soil. This succulent perennial is ideal for rock gardens and borders.

Thyme

Thymus
Scientific Name: Thymus spp.

Thyme is a versatile herbaceous perennial that adds fragrance and beauty to your garden. Its aromatic leaves and delicate flowers attract pollinators. Grow thyme in full sun and well-drained soil.

Vervain

Verbena hastata
Scientific Name: Verbena hastata

Vervain, also known as blue vervain, is a native plant with showy purple flowers that attract butterflies. It thrives in moist to wet soil and is perfect for wildflower or butterfly gardens.

These 31 fall perennials will add color, fragrance, and beauty to your garden year after year. Choose the ones that suit your preferences and the specific conditions of your garden. With a little care and maintenance, you can create a stunning perennial garden that will bring joy to your outdoor space. Happy gardening!


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