A Guide to Planting Broccoli in Georgia

Broccoli, a member of the Brassica family, is a versatile and nutritious cool-weather vegetable that can be grown successfully in Georgia’s gardens during the early spring or fall. Apart from being a delicious addition to your meals, broccoli has shown potential in reducing certain types of cancer. In this guide, we will explore the best practices for growing and caring for broccoli in Georgia.

Starting the Plants

To ensure a successful late spring harvest, it is recommended to start broccoli seeds indoors or in a cold frame or greenhouse in early February. By the beginning of March, the seedlings should be hardened off by gradually exposing them to the outdoor environment for a few hours each day. After three days, the plants can be left outside overnight. For a fall harvest, start seeds indoors at the end of July and transplant them into the garden by the end of August.

Soil Requirements

Broccoli can thrive in a variety of soil types, but it performs best in well-drained, heavily organic-amended areas. In Georgia, where clay soils are common, it is advisable to incorporate topsoil, compost, or manure to improve drainage and provide essential nutrients. Conducting a soil test is crucial to accurately determine the pH level and identify any necessary amendments for optimal growth.


Select a garden location that receives at least six to eight hours of sunlight per day to ensure optimal plant growth. Prepare the bed by tilling the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches, removing any debris. In the absence of a soil test, incorporate 3 to 4 pounds of 5-10-10 fertilizer per 100 square feet of the garden area. Smooth the soil with a rake and plant the broccoli seedlings 18 to 20 inches apart.

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Irrigation, Fertilization, and Weed Control

Proper irrigation is essential for the successful growth of broccoli. Water the plants daily during the first week to establish a strong root system. Afterwards, irrigate the broccoli every four to five days, as needed, to maintain plant health.

Broccoli is a relatively heavy feeder and requires additional nutrients. After the initial fertilization at planting, apply 2 pounds of 5-10-15 fertilizer or an equivalent per 100 square feet of the bed each month during the growing season. Mulching the broccoli bed with pine straw or leaves helps prevent weed growth and retain moisture in the soil.

Variety Selections

There are several broccoli varieties suitable for growing in Georgia, including Marathon, Packman, Patriot, Premium Crop, Bravo, and Decathion. Consider experimenting with different varieties to find the ones that thrive in your garden.


Knowing the right time to harvest broccoli is crucial for a flavorful crop. Harvest the heads when the florets around the edges start to loosen slightly, while the center remains tight and green. For a tastier yield, it is recommended to cut the heads when they are younger and around 6 to 8 inches across. When harvesting, cut the stems at an angle to prevent water and diseases from entering. After removing the main head, the broccoli stems will produce smaller secondary heads that can be harvested throughout the growing season.

Cooking and Storage

Broccoli can be enjoyed either cooked or steamed. To maximize freshness, it is advisable to refrigerate the heads soon after harvesting. If you have an abundant crop, consider freezing the broccoli by steam-blanching it before storing.

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Diseases and Insects

The most common pest that affects broccoli plants is the cabbageworm, while cabbage root maggots can also pose a problem. To manage these issues, it is crucial to adopt sound cultural garden practices and utilize recommended chemicals when necessary.

For further information and high-quality broccoli seedlings, visit the Ames Farm Center, where you can find a wide range of resources and products to support your gardening endeavors.

Now that you have the knowledge and guidance to grow your own delicious broccoli, get ready to enjoy the rewards of your hard work and savor the many health benefits this versatile vegetable has to offer. Happy growing!