The Best Time to Plant Carrots in Georgia

Carrots are a popular choice for a cool-season garden, offering a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. From long, tapering shoots to short, blunt, stubby varieties, there’s a carrot for every taste. The good news is that all carrot types can be successfully grown throughout the state of Georgia.

Planting in the Cool Seasons

To ensure successful growth, carrots should be planted either in the fall or early spring. It’s important to note that carrots thrive in loamy soil and perform exceptionally well in raised beds. When it comes to timing, the ideal soil temperature for planting carrots ranges between 55 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Monitoring soil temperatures can easily be done through the University of Georgia Weather Network, available at Ames Farm Center.

Planting Tips

When it comes to planting carrots, it’s crucial not to sow the seeds too deep. Carrot seeds are incredibly small, so a 1/4-inch planting depth is ample. For optimal growth, the soil pH should ideally range from 5.8 to 6.7. If you haven’t conducted a soil sample, applying 30 pounds of 5-10-10 fertilizer per 1,000 square feet should suffice. Once your carrots reach around 1 inch in height, thin them to 2 inches between plants. When they reach a height of 4 inches, applying 1 lb of 34-0-0 fertilizer per 100 feet of row will help support their development.

Moisture and Weed Control

Maintaining uniform moisture levels is vital to avoid issues like growth cracks and strong flavors in your carrots. When irrigating, ensure that enough water is applied to penetrate the soil 4 to 6 inches deep. To conserve moisture and control weeds effectively, consider using straw or organic mulch in the row middles.

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Managing Pests and Diseases

Thankfully, carrots are relatively disease and insect-free. While caterpillars may occasionally be a concern, they can be easily controlled with over-the-counter insecticides. If you encounter any issues, consult with your local county Extension agent for appropriate recommendations. Root knot nematodes can also pose a threat, but they can be managed effectively through crop rotation.

Variety Selection

When it comes to choosing carrot varieties for home gardening, there are several options available. Here are some recommendations based on maturity and soil preferences:

  • Royal Chantenay (70-day maturity) is perfect for heavy soils with its stubby shape.
  • Goldfinger (69-day maturity) thrives in both heavy and sandy soils and is of a shorter variety.
  • Atlas and Thumbelina (70-day maturity) are both short and round carrots.
  • Scarlet Nantes (68-day maturity) is a long and narrow carrot that performs well in sandy soils or raised beds.
  • For those seeking a variety that stores well, Bolero (75-day maturity) is a great choice.


If you’re looking for more information or have questions about home garden carrots, visit the Ames Farm Center. Additionally, your local county Extension agent is a valuable resource for any other gardening inquiries you may have.

Remember, with the right care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious, homegrown carrots. Happy planting!